What is noun? with full details and examples

Definition: Noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, things etc

Example:  Person; John, Scooby, Tom, David

Animal: sheep, cow, hen, snake

Place: Lahore, Hunza, Kaghan, Kashmir

Thing: mouse, laptop, cupboard, cup

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lists of a noun:

  1. Countable
  2. Uncountable
  3. Possessive  (Genitive case)
  4. Common
  5. Collective
  6. Concrete
  7. Abstract
  8. Proper



                     People                         Places                      Things
             Teacher   (Fatima )                         Country                         Tree
            Policemen (Ali )                         Store                         Rock
            Farmer   (Murad )                         State                        Pencil
     Singer (Shreya Goshal)                         City                        Cloud
           Tailor       (Arman)                         Office                        Water
            Worker      (Zoya)                    Playground                        Book


Note: cut out the correct nouns from the box and make sentences from the given hints.

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1. Countable Nouns

Countable Nouns: countable nouns are those nouns which we can count. For example: “pencil” we can count pencils. We can have one, two, three or more pencils. Here are some more countable nouns.

  • Sheep, goat, person, rubber
  • Jug, doll, drum, box
  • Fork, knife, plate, spoon
  • Briefcase, mobile, book, fan

2. Uncountable Nouns:

uncountable nouns are those nouns which we can’t count, for example, we can’t count “milk”. we can count “bottles of milk” or “liters of milk”, but we cannot count “milk” itself. Here are some more uncountable nouns.

  • Water, butter, sugar, rice
  • Gas, power, light
  • Soup, salt, sand, air

Genitive case (Possessive noun):

The genitive case is the grammatical case that marks a noun as modifying another noun. It often marks a noun as being the possessor of another noun; however, it can also indicate various other relationships than possession.


  • Zara’s long dress, Zara,s shoes, Zara’s coffee (relationship indicating possession)
  • A chair of wood. (a relationship indicating composition)
  • The smell of rose. (participation in an action)
  • Girl of Russia. (origin)
  • The capital of the Republic. (reference)
  • Bless of Allah. (description)

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Forms of Genitive case:

The genitive case can be indicated by
  1. Adding’s after the noun (John’s brother)
  2. Adding “of” before the noun (the starting of a wedding)

Note: the spelling of the genitive case depends on whether the noun is plural, singular or ending in “s”

        Type       Genitive case                     Explanation
     Singular noun   the boy’s shirt    a boy is singular: add ‘s
      plural noun    the girls’ room     The girl is plural: add ‘s
     Singular noun     Leila’s friend     Laila is singular: add ‘s
     Plural noun    children toys children are plural add ‘s

4. common noun:

the common noun is those nouns which refer to a person or things in general.


city, country, state,

Quetta is a beautiful city.

5. collective noun:

Are those nouns which refer to a person or things in a group of something in a particular.


The audience, participants, government, jury

The competitors are waiting in the hall.

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6. Concrete noun:

Are those noun which refers to people or things that physically exists and we can touch, heard, smelled, tasted and can be seen.


dog, cat, building, house, rain, tree, salt

can I have that cup?

7. Abstract noun:

concepts use an abstract noun to refer qualities, ideas, and conditions which physically we can’t see, touch and things which have no physical reality.


happiness, love, hate, anger, sadness, friendship

I love to travel the world.

8. Proper noun:

according to the classification of noun proper noun refers to a particular or specific person, place or thing.


Effile tower, White house, Burji Khalifa, Fazil masjid

Burji Khalifa is the tallest tower in the world.

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