What is noun? with full details and examples
Definition: Noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, things etc
Example: Person; John, Scooby, Tom, David
Animal: sheep, cow, hen, snake
Place: Lahore, Hunza, Kaghan, Kashmir
Thing: mouse, laptop, cupboard, cup
lists of a noun:
- Possessive (Genitive case)
|Teacher (Fatima )||Country||Tree|
|Policemen (Ali )||Store||Rock|
|Farmer (Murad )||State||Pencil|
|Singer (Shreya Goshal)||City||Cloud|
Note: cut out the correct nouns from the box and make sentences from the given hints.
1. Countable Nouns
Countable Nouns: countable nouns are those nouns which we can count. For example: “pencil” we can count pencils. We can have one, two, three or more pencils. Here are some more countable nouns.
- Sheep, goat, person, rubber
- Jug, doll, drum, box
- Fork, knife, plate, spoon
- Briefcase, mobile, book, fan
2. Uncountable Nouns:
uncountable nouns are those nouns which we can’t count, for example, we can’t count “milk”. we can count “bottles of milk” or “liters of milk”, but we cannot count “milk” itself. Here are some more uncountable nouns.
- Water, butter, sugar, rice
- Gas, power, light
- Soup, salt, sand, air
Genitive case (Possessive noun):
The genitive case is the grammatical case that marks a noun as modifying another noun. It often marks a noun as being the possessor of another noun; however, it can also indicate various other relationships than possession.
- Zara’s long dress, Zara,s shoes, Zara’s coffee (relationship indicating possession)
- A chair of wood. (a relationship indicating composition)
- The smell of rose. (participation in an action)
- Girl of Russia. (origin)
- The capital of the Republic. (reference)
- Bless of Allah. (description)
Forms of Genitive case:
The genitive case can be indicated by
- Adding’s after the noun (John’s brother)
- Adding “of” before the noun (the starting of a wedding)
Note: the spelling of the genitive case depends on whether the noun is plural, singular or ending in “s”
|Singular noun||the boy’s shirt||a boy is singular: add ‘s|
|plural noun||the girls’ room||The girl is plural: add ‘s|
|Singular noun||Leila’s friend||Laila is singular: add ‘s|
|Plural noun||children toys||children are plural add ‘s|
4. common noun:
the common noun is those nouns which refer to a person or things in general.
city, country, state,
Quetta is a beautiful city.
5. collective noun:
Are those nouns which refer to a person or things in a group of something in a particular.
The audience, participants, government, jury
The competitors are waiting in the hall.
6. Concrete noun:
Are those noun which refers to people or things that physically exists and we can touch, heard, smelled, tasted and can be seen.
dog, cat, building, house, rain, tree, salt
can I have that cup?
7. Abstract noun:
concepts use an abstract noun to refer qualities, ideas, and conditions which physically we can’t see, touch and things which have no physical reality.
happiness, love, hate, anger, sadness, friendship
I love to travel the world.
8. Proper noun:
according to the classification of noun proper noun refers to a particular or specific person, place or thing.
Effile tower, White house, Burji Khalifa, Fazil masjid
Burji Khalifa is the tallest tower in the world.