How to Install Debian 9 on Virtualbox on Windows 10: Well, in this article I will guide you about how to install Debian 9 on Virtualbox, after that, I will let you know how to download Debian iso for VirtualBox from its official website. afterward, you will get about creating VM for Debian, so these all things you will learn in this article. needless to say, that if you cannot install Debian on Virtualbox then read again this article top to toe and focus on each step in order to not face problems.
What is Debian?
First of all, you have to know about Debian, there are new users that don’t have an idea about Debian so they have to know about it in this article. well, Debian is a well-known operating system that it is free for the computer and every user can go with it. although might be you haven’t used this OS but while you start using Debian then you will be getting into it because Debian provides more than a pure OS. it comes with over 51000 packages, and you can install it on Virtualbox, VMware, and other Virtual Guest Machine.
What is the current Version of Debian?
Ian Murdock started the Debian Project on August 16, 1993, and on that time Debian was released with 0.01 version on September 15, 1993. then time goes by the 1.1 version was released on June 17, 1996. so, the developer brings improved to this OS and now the current version is 9.8 that was released on February 16, 2019. so here you will learn about the new version of Debian.
No New features of 9.8 Version
Well, you might be looking for new features of 9.8 version and some of you may know that this time there is no new features in 9.8 version but only it’s up to date. the developer doesn’t include any new feature but they hope for the next version that they will include some new feature. this time they update only the version, not any feature or anything else, so wait for the next version and for its new features.
Install Debian 9 on Virtualbox on Windows 10?
Ok, dear now we reach to install Debian 9 on Virtualbox on windows, as I am using Windows 10 so that’s why I will guide you on windows 10 but if you are using any other operating system or any other version then there is not a big deal you can apply the same step on your OS. well, before installing Debian you need two things, the first one is that you have to install Virtualbox on your windows if you don’t know how to install Virtualbox then follow the article. next thing you need to download the Debian ISO file, here I will show you from where you can download the iso file for Debian.
Step 1. Install Oracle Virtualbox on your System.
First of all, you have to download and install Virtualbox on your windows, so here I have already uploaded an article about how to install Oracle Virtualbox on Windows 7/8/10. you can go through this link, otherwise, if you have an idea about how to install Virtualbox then it’s a piece of good news. so click that link below and install Virtualbox, while you installed Virtualbox then you need to install Virtualbox Extension Pack. I have already uploaded an article about Virtualbox Extension pack you can check it.
Step 2. Download Debian ISO file
So now you have Virtualbox on your windows and your Virtualbox Guest machine is ready to install Debian 9. for installing Debian 9 you have to download its ISO file, so here I will let you know that from where you can download it’s ISO file easily. well, simply click on the link below and download the iso file.
if your internet is too fast then download this ISO file Debian 9.8
if you want to install Debian without internet connection then download this file Debian 9.8
Step 3. Create A new Virtual Machine
Here you will need to create a new Virtual Machine for any Operating System, so for Debian 9.8, you need to create a new Virtual machine. below I will guide you on how to create a new Virtual machine, follow the steps.
#1. Open Virtualbox.
#2. for creating new VM you need to click on New button.
#3. if you didn’t see this screenshot then I want to make you sure that click on Expert Mode then you will have such a screenshot. in this step follow the below instructions.
- type proper name for Debian VM.
- while you provided the name then you will get automatically its type and version, if not then follow the below screenshot.
- for memory size select 2048 MB but the recommended size is 1028 MB.
- we will create a new hard disk for VM to use it’s a filesystem, so leave it as a default.
- click on Create button.
#4. in this step follow the below instructions.
- select file location for Debian 9.8 but the default location is fine just leave it as default.
- you can see the default file size is 8GB but since we will select Dynamically allocated then the default size will be much less than 8GB. the Dynamically allocated virtual hard disk file depends on the actual size of the filesystem installed in it. as we add software to VM and as running software create log files and the other data on VM then the filesystem size will grow. so, select 10GB because 8GB will not install Debian on Virtualbox it will give an error.
- select the hard disk file type and as default, it is VDI so leave it as default.
- for storage on physical hard disk select dynamically allocated which is the default.
- while you did this all steps then click on create button.
Now you can see that we have Debian 9.8 Virtual Machine available in Virtualbox and it is in the Powered Off state.
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Step 4. Configure the New Virtual Machine
While your VM was created successfully then you need to configure the new Virtual machine with few steps. if you don’t know then don’t worry here follow my steps.
#1. Select Debian 9.8 VM from the left side of the VirtualBox window after that, click on the Settings on Virtualbox menu bar.
#2. in General option go to advanced option and select Bidirectional for shared clipboard and Drag’n’Drop.
#3. after that, go to System option and go to Processor then increase the size of CPU from 1 to 2.
#4. ok, now its time to insert Debian ISO file so for that go to Storage and click on Empty option and then click on small CD icon, while you clicked on CD icon then click on the first option. then select the ISO file you downloaded earlier.
#5. in the last step go to Network option and in Attached to option select Bridged Adapter and click on OK button.
Step 5. Install Debian 9.8 on Virtualbox
So, now everything is ready to install Debian 9.8 on new Virtual machine, although our Virtual machine is ready and we have configured it too so there is not remaining any step. for installing Debian follow the below steps and focus on each step in order to not face difficulties.
#1. open Virtualbox and select Debian Virtual Machine from the left side of the Virtualbox window and click on Start icon on Virtualbox menu bar.
#2. while you start the installation then you will see the below screenshot on your window so here select Graphical Install after that, press on the Enter button from your keyboard.
#3. then in here choose the language to be used for the installation process so my one is by default it is English and it is Ok.
#4. Select your location in order to set your time zone.
#5. while you selected your location then in the next step it will ask you to select the keyboard layout, so select any country you want.
#6. wait for few minutes and you will see the below screenshot and here it will ask you to provide your hostname.
#7. after that you typed your hostname then it will ask you for the domain name if you have so type there, even you can type your website name too but if you don’t have so don’t worry just click on Continue Button.
#8. now setup user password, for that provides user password and re-confirm password then click on Continue button.
#9. you have provided your password then now it will ask you to provide user full name, so type your full name on the blank input field.
#10. while you continue to next step then it will ask you for account username if your account name is fine then simply click on Continue button.
#11. it will ask you for user password one time more so provide a strong password and re-enter the password and Continue for the next step.
#12. now configure the clock time, select your time zone as my one is Eastern.
#13. in this step select the first option which is Guided-use entire disk and goes ahead.
#14. in the next step again leave it as default and click on continue button.
#15. after that, it will ask you for disk partition then again leave it as default and click on continue button.
#16. this screen is the last dist partition option so click on Finish partition and writes changes to the disk.
#17. if you want to bring changes to disk partition then here it will ask you whether Yes or No but you have to select Yes option and click on continue button.
#18. it is installing the base system of Debian on Virtualbox so you need to wait for a few minutes.
#19. in this step select on the first option and continue.
If you are at home then you may skip this step but if you are outside of your home then you have to fill it. Go to your network administrator and ask for the proxy settings here
#20. in this step wait for some minutes because it is configuring apt and installing software. so, it will take 10 to 15 minutes.
#21. select the first option which is by default No and click on continue button.
#22. here it will ask you for software selection, so select that software which you see in the screenshot and click on Continue button.
Wait for some minutes to complete the installation because it is retrieving 1414 files, due to that it will take some minutes. although it depends on your internet speed if your internet is too fast then it will be done in a few minutes.
#23. after that it will ask you for installing GRUB boot loader so select Yes option and continue.
#24. in here select the last option and continue.
#25. Ok, dear finally the installation is complete so now click on Continue button for login.
Congrats dear, you have installed Debian 9.8 successfully on Virtualbox so after the above screenshot you will see the login window so provide your password and enjoy using Debian 9.8.
In this article, we have learned about how to install Debian 9 on Virtualbox on Windows 10 and you have seen that we did it successfully. so now you have Debian on your Guest Machine, to top it off, if you get any question during installation so please let me know and I will get you soon.